亚博电竞

菜单

当社会学、经济学遇到计算思维……

2018-11-30   作者:张琦、连晋宏

dangjinshehuijuyougaoduhulianjifengfuhudongdetezheng,shehuiyitizhujianfuzahuajixinxihua。zaibeida,youzheimeyimenkecheng,tayishehuixueyujingjixuederuoganjingdianwentiweizaiti,yijisuanjikexuededianxingsiweifangfaweigongju,xuexiyutihuiliangleixuekezhishiyufangfadejiaochayuhudong。tongguoduishehuiwangluo、guanxipingheng、pipeishichang、zhongjieshichang、paimaishichang、xinxijilian、wangluoxiaoying、liuxingxing、xinshiwudechuanbo、xiaoshijiexianxiang、biaojuezhidudengyitidetaolunheduigetixingweidaozhiquanjuxingtaiguilvdetantao,xueshengkeyichubuzhangwojisuansiweidefangfa,yonglaifenxiheyanjiuneixiexianxianghewenti,congerjiashenduishenghuoyushehuixianxiangdelijie,tiyandaozhenghezhishi、tansuoweizhilingyudechuangzaoguocheng。

 

zheimenke,jiao“shehuikexuezhongdejisuansiweifangfa”。

 

tingshangqushibushiyoudianyisi?womenxianlaikanyigejingdiandeanli。

 

tibunan,xiangyaoduidaan,wenmoyoucaidan。

 

亚博电竞zheitiyongdaodeshishehuixuezhongjingdiande“sanyuanbibaoyuanli”,jiruguolianggerenyougegongtongdepengyou,neimezheiliangrenchengweipengyoudekenengxinghuizengqiang。yuanyinyousan:diyi,zheiliangrenhuiyinciyougengduojianmianjihui;dier,yinweiyougongtongpengyoushuangfangxinrenhuizengqiang;disan,neigegongtongpengyouhuiyouyidingdexinliyali(qianyishilihuidanxinzheiliangrenduitayouyijian)。zheigeyuanlishuoming,shehuijiegouzhonghuiyunhanxinxi。eryongyingyongshuxuezhongdetulunzuoweijibengongjubazheiyiyuanlichengxianchulai,jiukeyihenhaodiyanjiushehuiwangluodejiegou,jinertuiyanchuxinxi,jinergengnenglijieyuanli。

 

亚博电竞tulun,jiushizheimenkechengdeyuyangongjuzhiyi。zheimenkedelingyigegongju,shiboyilun。liyongzheilianggegongju,“shehuikexuezhongdejisuansiweifangfa”tuiyanzhewangluobeijingxiarenqundexingweihehudongjizhi。

 

缘起

 

cong2011niankaishi,yilixiaomingjiaoshouweishoudejiaoxuetuanduizaibeidakaisheleyimenyouguanjiaochaxuekedexinke。zuichukemingwei“wangluojiegouyuxiaoyingyuanli”,quanxiaogongxuan;hougaiwei“shehuikexuezhongdejisuansiweifangfa”,quanxiaotongxuan。2013nianqiu,pingjiemoocxingqidedongfeng,gaikechengkaichuleyigemoocduiyingbanben“renqunyuwangluo”,congershidegaikechengzaibeidayiwaidediqupujikailai。zuoweiyimenxinxingdejiaochaxuekekecheng,“shehuikexuezhongdejisuansiweifangfa”bujinshenshoushishenghuanying,haijinyibucujinlejiaochaxuekedeyanjiuhefazhan。

tu:lixiaomingjiaoshouxiangxueshengjieshaokecheng

 

世界呼唤跨学科

 

tanqikaikechuzhong,lixiaominglaoshizheiyangshuodao:

 

亚博电竞“wozaidaxuejiaolesanshiduonianshule,jingchangxiangdaxueshengjiujinggaitongguokechengxuexieshenme?jidecaiyuanpeixianshengcengshuoguoyijuhua,dayishidaxueshiweiweilai,erbushiweiguoquhexianzai,peiyangrencaide。yinciwomenyinggaisikaoweilaiderenmenjiangmianduishenme。guoqujishinianlai,zhongguoshehuiheguojishehuidoufashenglejudadebianhua,shiderenleishehuixianzaimianduidewentiyeyuxianqianyoulejudachabie。cengjing,renmendezhuyaoguanqieshijiejuechifanchuanyidewenti,shiruhetigaoshengchanlvdewenti。xianjin,shehuizegengguanqiehuanjing、shengtai、pinfuchaju、jiankang、jiaoyu、feichuantongdeanquan(birukongbuzhuyi)dengxinwenti,keyishuozhenggeshehuidouzaiweijiejuetamenernuli。erzheixiewentibushidanyixuekedewenti,doushikuaxuekedewenti。zheixiewentidechidudoufeichangda,tebieshizaidangjinxinxihuashehui,keyishuohejisuandouyouhendaguanlian。xianzaidedaxueshengzaiweilaidoudemianduizheixiewenti,yincikuaxuekedenenglishibiyaode。chuantongdedanyixueke,bubianyuxueshenglijiehesikaozheixiewenti。qishijiaochaxuekezaibeidashijinianqianjiukaishidedaoxuexiaozhongshile,yetuichulexuduoxiangguandejiaoxuekemu,birushuo‘zhenghekexue’,‘dashuju’deng。zuoweiyimingjiaoshi,ruguoyishidaozheigefangxiangdezhongyaoxing,nengzuodianshenmeni?zijinengzhangkongdedadijiushikaifayimenxinkechengba。woshijisuanjixuekebeijing,yincicongjisuansiweidejiaoduqieru,zaijieheshehuixuehejingjixuedeyixieyiti,sihushikexingde。zheishiwokaishekechengdechuzhong。

 

亚博电竞tongshi,woyeshishoudaoledavid easleyhejon kleinberghexiede《networks、crowds and markets》deqifayubangzhu,zheishikangnaierdaxuedejingjixuejiahejisuanjikexuejiadehezuochengguo,qizhongduiyuxuekejiaochadeguannianyijizaijiaoxuecengmiandeshijicaozuorangwochanshengleqiangliedegongming。yushiwobianheshehuixuexideqiuzeqilaoshishangliangyu2011niankaishihekailezheimenkecheng,zheiben“lingganzhishu”deyizuo《wangluo、quntiyushichang》yejiuyincichengweilekechengjiaocai。”

 

整合知识 探索未知

 

亚博电竞lixiaominglaoshibiaoshi,qishizheimenkechengdezhongdianbuzaiyujiejuewenti,ershi“lijie”wenti。birushuozhongsuozhouzhide,shehuixueliyouyigeshehuiwangluodegainian,womenmeitianshiyongdeweixinjiuxingchengleyizhongzaixianshehuiwangluo,neimexiangyingdexianshizhongyeyoushehuiwangluo,bameigerendoudangzuoyigedian,bicizhijianhuxiangrenshijiuxiangliangouchengyitiaobian,jieheqilaijiushiyizhangwang,zheizhongdianhebiandejiegoujiushiduitulundeliyong,suiranchouxiang,dannengcongzhonghuodehenduoxinxi,birushuodushudeduoshaojiushirenshiderenshuduoshao。lixiaominglaoshimeicikaike,yedoucongzheigeyitilaiyinru。tahuidiaochaketangtongxuemendexinxi,yongtulunlaifenxizheigeketangdeshehuiwangluo:

tu:meixueqidiyitangketongguotulungoujianbanjishejiaowangluoyindaoxueshenglejiekecheng

 

亚博电竞erkechengdelingyigezhongyaogongjuboyilunzegengduoyongyujingjixue,biru“shichangshigeyinxingzhishou”、xinxibuduichengdaozhiliebiquzhuliangbideng。juyigelizi,congboyilunzhongde“buleisibeilun”yinshenkailai,womenjiunengtihui,zaishehuikexuexiadexitongzhong,ruguoxitongdejiegoubuheli,touruziyuankenengfanerhuishijieguogengzaogao,yinciburubutouru。

 

亚博电竞ketangshangyaozuodejiushijiangqicaozuohua,birushenghuozhongdegongzuoxuanzewenti——

 

亚博电竞thershiliangzhongxingzhiwanquanxiangtongdegongzuo,yincicanyutdeyou50ren,canyurdeyeyou50ren,meirende200shizuihaodexuanze。

 

danruguocishilaobanshuotouruxindeziyuan,yegulirenmenliangzhonggongzuodouzuo,jidisanzhonggongzuoshitherdejiehe,rang100renzaizheisanzhonggongzuozhongxuanze,xiangyingde,meiyouyirenxuanzet&r,therzhongjiuyaogezijianqu100。conggetilaikan,100gerendouxuant&r,meigerenhuode150shizuijiadegetixuanze。danshiwomenxiangbidiyizhongqingkuangkeyifaxian,ruguolaobanmeiyoutourudisanfengongzuoziyuan,meirenkeyinadao200,danshiyidantouru,meirenquedouzhikeyinadao150。zheishuomingzaitouruziyuanhousuiranyijiushiduiyugetieryanzuihaodexuanze,danshizhengtishangqueburubutouruziyuan。zheijiushi“buleisibeilun”deyizhongcaozuohuatixian。

zheimenkehaihuiyongdaoqitayixilieanli,biruxiuluwenti。zongzhi,kechengyongtulunhuoboyilunhuojieheliangzhe,bangzhutongxuemenxuehuiyongcaozuohuadefangfa,duijiegouhexinxijinxingtuilihefenxi,congercongyizhongxindejiaodulailijietongchangzhishidingxingtaolundeyuanlihuowenti。congzheigeyiyishang,tongguoxunxujianjindiduigetixingweidetantao,rangxueshengrenshidaozhenghezhishi、tansuoweizhilingyudechuangzaoguochengdemudecaideyishixian。

 

从课堂到MOOC

 

zheimenkechengzaijiaoxuefangshishangdechuangxinzhuyaoshijiyumoocdefanzhuanketang,moocshangkechengmingwei“renqunyuwangluo”,xueshenglaishangkeqianxuyaozaimukeyuxikechengbingwanchengzuoye。ketangshanglaoshijiangyonglizijinxingyindaojitaolun。

 

亚博电竞lixiaominglaoshijuedexiaoguobucuo,tabiaoshitacengjingzuoguoyigekeshangdewenjuandiaocha,you82gexueshengcanyu,qizhong52gexueshengrenweimukehao,10gexueshengrenweichuantongjiaoxuefangshihao,haiyou20gexueshengjuedewusuowei。zongdelaishuo,xueshengduizheizhongjiaoxuefangfamanyiduhaishibijiaogaode。

tu:henangongyedaxuemouxueshengrenzhenwanchengmoockechenghuoderenzhengzhengshu

 

师生良性互动

 

亚博电竞congxueshengpingguhekeshangdediaochawenjuanzhongwomenkeyifaxian,lixiaominglaoshidekechengzheshishouhuolehenjijidefankui。yucitongshitabiaoshi,haiyouyixielingtatebiegandonghexinweideshunjian:

亚博电竞2011niandiyicikaike,qizhongyouyigejisuanjixidedaerxuesheng,sannianhoucongbeidabiyehouqupulinsidundaxuenianshehuixueboshi,haizaimeiguofabiaoleshehuixuexiangguandewenzhang。

亚博电竞2015niandeshihoutashoudaoyifengyoujian,yigezai2012nianxuanxiuguozheimenkedewulixueyuantongxue,houlaiqugelunbiyadaxuegongdushengwutongjixueboshi,gaosulaoshishuotajingchangxiangdaokeshangxuededongxi,gandaohenyouqu。

xianzaishuxuexueyuandeyigedasantongxue,tashuotajuedezheishitazaibeidashangguodezuihaodeke,yinweijiaochaxuekerangtajuedehenxinxian。

……

 

亚博电竞zheixiedouranglixiaominglaoshijuedehengandong,yejuedekaishezheimenkechengfuyouyiyi。

 

亚博电竞ercongfankuiyuhudongzhonghuodexindeyanjiuqifayeshichangyouzhishi。“zongyouxueshengtichurangwoyiwaidejieguohuozheyijian。”lixiaominglaoshishuodao,“bifangshuoguanyutulundewenti,youxiezhengminghenyangehenshuxue,wobuyidingzhidaoyegenbenlaibujixiang,shangkedeshihouzhishishaoyoutiji,diertianjiuhuiyouxueshengfayoujianlaitaolun,bingqiezuihouhaizhendegaodingleneixiewenti。lingwaihenduowentikeyitongguohenduojiaodujinxingtantao,erxueshengshichanghuijichuxinyingdekanfa。jugelizi,shehuiwangluozhongyouyizhongjiaojujixishudehendingliangdeshuofa,biruworenshi3geren,zheisangerenhuxiangrenshideqingkuangzenmeyangjiushiwodejujixishu。 worangxueshengmenxiangxiangzheigegainianhaiyoushenmebiaodafangshi,yourenjiutichushuokeyichengzhiwei‘ningjuli’,wojuedezheijiuhenyouyisi。”

亚博电竞tu:xueshengfaweibokuazanzheimenke

 

跨学科合作趣事多

 

lixiaominglaoshishizuoxinxikexuede,womenzhuyidao,kechengtuanduihaiyoulaizishehuixuexideqiuzeqilaoshi。duiyubutongxuekedelaoshiruheyiqishejikecheng、kaizhanhezuojiaoxue,lixiaominglaoshizheiyangshuodao:

亚博电竞“zheiqishishiyigeguocheng,shouxianshiyouyibenjiaocai,ranhouwomenshangliangbicicoveryixiebufen,dazhiyougefengong,jingguozheimeduonianjiaoxue,xianzaifengongyeyijingwendingmingquele。womenbicijiaotishangke,yeshichangyiqishangke,youbutongdexiangfajiuhuizaikeshangtichu。xueshengshenzhikaiwanxiaoshuoxihuankanlaoshizaitaishangchaojia。”

 

danshiconglixiaominglaoshichuwomenhenyihandidezhi,zheixueqiqiuzeqilaoshibucanyujiaoxuele,takaileyimenmianxiangshehuikexuexuekedinianjibenkeshengdexinke,jiao《shehuikexuefangfadaolun》,yaoqinglixiaominglaoshicanyuqizhongyibufenjiaoxuegongzuo。

 

亚博电竞zaigezideyanjiufangmian,lixiaominglaoshibiaoshiqishitaxianzaibutaizuanyandangelingyu,zhuyaoguanxinjisuanyushehuikexuejiaochadewenti。“heqitazhuanyelaoshiliaotianhuijifahenduoxiangfa,erzhishiguanzhujisuanjijishushibukenengxiangdaozheixiewentide。biruqiuzeqilaoshicenggaosuwo,shehuixuedejibenwentishi‘shehuiweishenmekeneng?’,dangshijilewohendadezhenhan。”laoshimeifeisewudishuodao,“womenhaiyiqitantaochuanxiaomoxing、zaichaxugejuyiyixiadengbashudetuiguangdengyanjiuwenti。yidanduixuekejiaochadelingyuyouxiejiechu,womenjiukenengtichuyixiexinwenti,huozheduilaowentiyouxinsikao。”

 

目标是推广到全国

 

亚博电竞“weilaidemubiaobushibatongxuankeshengjiweizhuanye,ershiyaozuotuiguang,zuidadeyuanwangshirangzheileikechengzaiquanguogengduodaxuekaichulai。quanguomuqiandayueyou30duosuoxuexiaokailezheigekecheng,shulianghaishihenshaode,yincizaiguoqujinianwomenbanleduoqiquanguojiaoshipeixunban。tongshizaibenxiaoyeyaopeiyangjiebanren,muqianbeidayoulianggenianqinglaoshiyiqicanyuxiegongzuo,qiwangtamennenggoujiebang,erbuyinggaizaiwomentuixiuhouzheigekechengjiuwurenwenjin。”shuoqikechengdehouxutuiguang,lixiaominglaoshiyilianzhengzhong。

 

tongshilaoshiyebiaoshi,weilaikenenghaihuiconggaikechenglitouyanshengchufenzhidekecheng,liru:jingjixuezhongdejisuansiwei,shehuixuezhongdejisuansiwei,xinwenchuanboxuezhongdejisuansiweideng。erqitaxuekeyekenenghuisheji,danmuqianhaikanbutaiqingchu。zongdelaishuo,haishixuyaoyougengduodelaoshiguanzhuxuekejiaocha,youxingquhereqingcongjiaoxueshangtourudaozheigelingyuzhonglai。

tu:lixiaominglaoshizhidaoquanguojiaoshipeixunbandexueyuanyongshoujikanmooc

 

彩蛋:B与F最可能形成边

 

亚博电竞shoufangzhe | yabodianjingxinxikexuexueyuanlixiaomingjiaoshou

亚博电竞caifang | zhangqi、lianjinhong

tupian | lixiaomingjiaoshoutigong

 zhuangao | zhangqi、lianjinhong

zhitu | ruanjunru

bianji | zhangqi